Gujarati is descended from old Gujarati script which was written in 1100 CE - 1500 CE. Back then, the old Gujarati language was used as a literary language and some scholars even prefer it to be named as old Western Rajasthani script.

Just like in the past, the modern Gujarati also used three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter), two numbers (singular and plural), and three cases (nominative, oblique, and agentive-locative) for nouns. Gujarati script is similar to Devanagari but without the continuous line at the top of the letters.

At present, Gujarati is the official language of the Indian state of Gujarat, widely spoken in Mumbai and also the most spoken language amongst Indian languages spoken in South Africa.

Gujarati alphabets are broken down into Vowels and Consonant letters. In addition, numerals in Gujarati are also written in Gujarati script.

Gujarati Vowel Letters

Gujarati vowel, also called Swar (સ્વર), are the basic part of an alphabet in Gujarati language. Vowels are written as separate letters and combined with consonants to determine the final sound.

Independent Vowels in Gujarati are placed before consonants whereas dependent vowels are placed either after, on top, or below a consonant, giving the writing the appearance of a multi-storied building.

Independent Vowels:

[a]
[aa]
[i]
[ii]
[u]
[uu]
[r]
[l]
[e]
[e]
[ai]
[o]
[o]
[au]

Dependent Vowels:

[aa]
િ
[i]
[ii]
◌ુ
[u]
◌ૂ
[uu]
◌ૃ
[r]
◌ૄ
[rr]
◌ૅ
[e]
◌ે
[e]
◌ૈ
[ai]
[o]
[o]
[au]

Gujarati Consonant Letters

Consonant in Gujarati are also called Vyanjan (વ્યંજન). While vowel letters in Gujarati can be pronounced independently by themselves, consonants represent those letters that cannot be pronounced independently and have to be combined with vowels to make a final sound.

There are 34 consonant letters in Gujarati.

[ka]
[kha]
[ga]
[gha]
[nga]
[ca]
[cha]
[ja]
[jha]
[nya]
[tta]
[ttha]
[dda]
[ddha]
[nna]
[ta]
[tha]
[da]
[dha]
[na]
[pa]
[pha]
[ba]
[bha]
[ma]
[ya]
[ra]
[la]
[lla]
[va]
[sha]
[ssa]
[sa]
[ha]

Additional Gujarati Consonant

[zha]

Gujarati Numeral Letters

Gujarati has its own numeric symbols to denote decimal numbers and fractions instead of the latin numbers. At present, however, either Hindu or Latin numeral systems are commonly used.

[zero]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
.

Gujarati Special Character Letters

.
◌્
◌઼
◌ઁ
◌ં

Additional Currency Symbols Used in Gujarati Scripts


Additional vowel Letters Used in Gujarati Scripts

[rr]
[ll]
◌ૢ
[l]
◌ૣ
[ll]

Frequently Asked Questions

How many letters are in Gujarati?

There are 48 letters in Gujarati. Out of them, 14 are vowel letters and remaining 34 letters are consonants.

Where is Gujarat spoken?

Gujarat is the official language in the Indian state of Gujarat and also spoken by the majority of people in Mumbai and other states in India.

How many people speak Gujarati?

Gujarati is spoken by over 60 million people around the world. In Indian alone, it is spoken by over 55 million with the majority of speakers in the Indian state of Gujarat as well as in major cities such as Mumbai.


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